The behaviour of the compound sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera

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by , New York
Hemiptera., Heteroptera., Chromos
Statement[by] Pauline Heizer ...
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQL524 .H4
The Physical Object
Pagination1 p. l., 103-147 p., 1 l.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL187624M
LC Control Numbera 45001576
OCLC/WorldCa31044501

The behaviour of the compound sex chomosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera. Article.

Details The behaviour of the compound sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera EPUB

Sex chromosomes remain condensed and distantly placed during the diffuse stage. Single. Pauline Heizer Troedsson, The behaviour of the compound sex chomosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera, Journal of Morphology, /jmor, 75, 1, (), ().

Wiley Online LibraryCited by: The behaviour of the compound. sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera. The behaviour of the compound sex chomosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera.

The genetical and mechanical properties of the sex chromosomes. and the heteroptera. “Chromosome behaviour, inheritance and sex determination in Sciara.” Observations on the maturationphenomenon in certain Hemiptera and other forms, with considerations on synapsis and reduction.” Cited by: Hence the mitotic behavior of the sex chromosomes in the harlequin lobe is normal, and autosomes that are predominantly heteropycnotic show less deviation from the normal than do isopycnotic.

The family Pyrrhocoridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) is characterized by a modal diploid chromosome number of 16 (♂) ranging from 12 to 33 and simple (X0), multiple (X1X20) and neo-sex chromosome. A holokinetic, rather than a telomeric, nature is thus demonstrated for the meiotic restriction of kinetochore activity to chromosome ends, normal for Heteroptera and certain other Hemiptera.

The chromosome number and meiotic cycle of 20 species of Triatominae have been investigated.

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In the male, there are five types of chromosome complement: 20+XY, 20+X1X2Y, 20+X1X2X3Y, 18+XY and 22+ cytological data suggest that the type number for the subfamily is 22 (20+XY).

In the hybrids: Triatoma barberi (♀♀) and T. protracta (♂♂), anomalous behavior of certain chromosomes has. The tropical species of the genus Thyanta conform, in their chromosome formula (2n♂=12+XY, 2n♀=12+2X), to that which is typical for the Family of Pentatomidae (Hemiptera), while the more northern species examined by us have either added a pair of chromosomes (T.

custator and T. pallidovirens) or have doubled the basic number (T. calceata). Hybrids between T. custator and T. A) In humans, the 23rd pair, the sex chromosomes, determines whether the person is female (XX) or male (XY). B) Single, haploid (n) sets of chromosomes in ovum and sperm unite during fertilization, forming a diploid (2n), single-celled zygote.

C) Sexual life cycles differ with respect to the relative timing of meiosis and fertilization. A) Nondisjunction in meiosis can affect autosomes and sex chromosomes. B) In mammals, extra copies of the Y chromosome are typically inactivated.

C) The absence of a Y chromosome results in "femaleness." D) In general, a single Y chromosome is enough to produce "maleness." E) Women with a single X chromosome have Turner syndrome and are sterile. The length of the spindle is independent of the size of the chromosomes but is correlated with the dimensions of the cell, of the nucleus, and of the centrioles (Arvelius).

Under certain conditions there may be a direct attraction between the centers and the chromosomes (bouquet stage; Anisolabis diakinesis), but under other conditions the centers appear to influence the chromosomes. The males of Ricolla quadrispinosa presented 2n = 24 + X 1 X 2 Y.

In metaphase II, the autosomes are arranged in ring while the three sex chromosomes form a pseudo-trivalent in the center (Fig. 1a, b, d, e).After C-banding, sex chromosomes were shown to be negatively heteropycnotic at all stages (Fig.

1a, b).The C-banding followed by conventional staining highlighted positive heteropycnotic. Troedsson PH. () The behaviour of the compound sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Journal of Morphology doi: /jmor; Ueshima N.

(a) Chromosome behaviour of the Cimex pilosellus complex. (Cimicidae-Hemiptera). Chromosoma doi: /BF   Troedsson PH.

() The behaviour of the compound sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera-Heteroptera. Journal of Morphology /jmor [Google Scholar] Ueshima N. (a) Chromosome behaviour of the Cimex pilosellus complex. (Cimicidae-Hemiptera). Chromosoma /BF [Google. The combination of sex chromosomes that represents a female is XX.

Sex Chromosomes. Each parent donates a set of 23 chromosomes to his or her offspring. When an embryo forms through sexual reproduction, each of the chromosomes match up with the corresponding chromosome from the other parent to form 23 pairs.

One of the pairs is the sex. hemiptera heteroptera scholars choice edition walker francis amazonsg books skip to main contentsg all hello sign in account lists account returns orders try prime cart hello select your address best sellers buy hemiptera heteroptera scholars choice edition by francis walker isbn from amazons book store everyday low prices and.

Studies on chromosomes. The behavior of the idiochromosomes in. Regardless of rich biodiversity, cytogenetic work on African Heteroptera is meagre. This paper reports meiotic behaviour of chromosomes in 3 species of Heteroptera from Ethiopia for the first time.

Paracritheus trimaculatus and Eurydema pulchrum, both belonging to Pentatomidae, possess 2n=14=12A+XY while Cletus punctulatus belonging to Coreidae possesses 2n=18=14A+2m+X1X   Chromosomes determine everything from hair color and eye color to sex.

Whether you are a male or female depends on the presence or absence of certain chromosomes. Human cells contain 23 pairs of chromosomes for a total of There are 22 pairs of autosomes (non-sex chromosomes) and one pair of sex chromosomes.

Sex chromosome, either of a pair of chromosomes that determine whether an individual is male or female. The sex chromosomes of human beings and other mammals are designated by scientists as X and Y.

In humans the sex chromosomes consist of one pair of the total of 23 pairs of chromosomes. SCHRADER, F. - The cytology of regular heteroploidy in the genus Loxa (Pentatomidae-Hemiptera). Morph. [ Links ] TROEDSSON, P, H. - The behaviour of the compound sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera.

Morph. It is generally accepted that multiple sex chromosome systems in Heteroptera are the result of fragmentation (s) of the X and/or Y chromosome (s) of an ancestral simple sex chromosome system (HeizerHughes-Schrader and SchraderUeshimaMannaPapeschiPapeschi and Bressa ).

the phenomenon that in species with sex chromosomes, one of the sex chromosomes is altered so that males and females have similar levels of gene expression, even though they do not contain the same complement of sex chromosomes.

One of the X chromosomes in the somatic cells of females is inactivated. In certain species, the paternal X. Grasshoppers, crickets, and cockroaches have this. Females in this have XX, and males XO.

The O stands for nothing. So in this females have 22 pairs of autosomes, and 1 pair of sex chromosomes, however males have 22 pairs of autosomes and ONLY 1 sex chromosome.

So females have 46 chromosomes and males have 45 in this system. Sex chromosomes have evolved independently many times throughout the eukaryotes, and represent a remarkable case of genomic convergence, as unrelated sex chromosomes share many properties across distant taxa 1,2, chromosomes evolve after recombination is halted between a homologous pair of chromosomes 4,5, leading to a cascade of non-adaptive and adaptive processes that produce.

J.E. Yack, J.W. Dawson, in The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference, Hemiptera (Homoptera + Heteroptera) Cicadas (Homoptera, Cicadidae) are familiar to many of us because of the loud, high-pitched buzzing sounds they produce during hot sounds, usually produced by males calling to females, are generated by tymbal organs on the thorax, and often reach intensities.

on the mating behavior of the predatory stinkbug Podisus nigrispinus (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Unmated 5 to 7 d-old Unmated 5 to 7 d-old adults, separate by sex, were exposed to azadirachtin per contact on the treated surface.

The X-chromosome is close by size to one of the larger chromosomes within the smaller-sized group. Chromosomes are holokinetic as in other Hemiptera; that is, the centromeric activity is dispersed along the length of each chromosome rather than concentrated at one point (Schrader ).

In scale insects, only Matsucoccus gallicolus Morrison, (Margarodidae) has a multiple sex chromosome system with 6 pairs of X chromosomes (2n=28+12X in females and 2n=28+6X in males), which probably evolved as a result of fragmentation of an initial pair of X chromosomes (Hughes-Schrader ) and it seems the number of sex chromosomes in.

Gametic chromosomes combine during fertilization to produce offspring with the same chromosome number as their parents. Eye color in fruit flies was the first X-linked trait to be discovered; thus, Morgan’s experiments with fruit flies solidified the Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance.

Key Terms. autosome: any chromosome other than sex chromosomes.(1) The X chromosome has many more genes than the Y chromosome.

Description The behaviour of the compound sex chromosomes in the females of certain Hemiptera Heteroptera FB2

(2) Virtually all of the X chromosome genes are unrelated to sex, whereas the Y chromosome contains genes that determine sex. (3) Both males and females have only one functioning copy of the X chromosome in each cell. (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) 1 and 2 (d) 1, 2, and 3.1.

Multiple pairing of chromosomes due to reduplication and reciprocal translocation of segments has been found in diploid roses belonging to the species complexes Rosa multiflora, R. blanda, R.

wo.